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How can the different types of leather be distinguished between reliably?

 

A basic distinction is made between SMOOTH LEATHER and SUEDE LEATHER.

The outer surface of the animal hide is used for smooth leather. Despite the name smooth leather, the surface is not "as smooth as an eel" – rather, you can see the hide texture and the pores, and also any individual marks such as thorn scratches and skin folds are also recognisable.

With SUEDE LEATHER, however, the surface is sanded, roughened. This is done to conceal hide damage and also to make use of split animal hides. Colloquially, suede leather is often referred to as suede, nubuck or velour.


Why is it called smooth leather, even though you can see the hide structure?

Smooth leather is the collective term for all types of leather that are made from the "grain side" of the animal's rawhide. That is to say on the outer surface, out of which for example, the fur grows on a cow. Although it is called smooth leather, the appearance may be structured, grained, smooth or embossed, depending on the type of final finishing (e.g. by coating, embossing, colouring, etc.).

This is also smooth leather, here with artificial crocodile embossing.


Are there different types of smooth leather?

Depending on the type of dyeing and refinement, smooth leather can be divided into three large leather groups: Along with untreated, superior pure aniline leathers there are also the pigmented, easy-to-care-for leathers. The happy medium between these two types is semi-aniline leather, which can be described as being practically untreated, and yet suitable for everyday use.

The differences in brief: After dyeing, pure aniline remains untreated; semi-aniline is given a surface colouring with pigment colours, and pigmented leather is covered with a thicker to very thick coating of colour.

This sounds complicated, but it means nothing more than that these criteria can be used to find the right leather for every taste and every possible application.

The quality of the raw hides determines why some hides are used to make pure aniline, while others become pigmented leather. If the animal's skin is free of scars and flaws, it will retain the typical leather character and be used for untreated pure aniline leather. If, on the other hand, a skin has a large number of irritating scars, they are often covered with a layer of colour. Depending on the thickness of the colour layer, the leather is called either semi-aniline or covered/pigmented leather. In the case of low-quality skins, manufacturers even go as far as to artificially re-emboss the structure of the leather, because the actual skin structure is no longer visible after the application of the colour.


PIGMENTED / COVERED LEATHER – the easy-to-care-for leather

Robust, suitable for everyday use, easy to care for and uncomplicated.

Pigmented leathers are coated with an additional colour pigment layer after the tanning and dyeing process. The pores, the individual skin appearance as well as scars and other individual characteristics of the cow skin completely disappear under this layer of colour.

Some pigmented leathers are therefore even embossed with an artificial scar pattern in order to imitate the skin structure.

These leathers have a slightly stiffer, moderately warm feel. They can therefore be slightly cool on cold days, because body heat cannot penetrate. On hot summer days, on the other hand, you will tend to perspire, and the leather feels sweaty.

But this surface treatment also offers a high protection against stains, because liquids can not penetrate deep into the leather.

Due to the high durability, this type of leather is "very suitable for everyday use" and less likely to fade. It is very easy to clean, and practically any stain can be removed ideally with the appropriate KERALUX® cleaners


SEMI-ANILINE – the happy medium

Supple, pleasant, protected.

Semi-aniline is given a light colouring in addition to the dyeing processes.

It thus becomes more durable and easier to clean, without losing its softness or smoothness.

The skin pores are still slightly visible (using a magnifying glass), as is its natural origin, which reveals itself in irregular graining and small healed wounds.

Semi-aniline is the happy medium between untreated pure aniline leathers and pigmented leathers with a thicker coating of colour.

It combines the best of these two worlds: It is soft and full-grained, and yet provides some protection against stains and fluids.


p>PURE ANILINE – the exclusive

Original, untreated, elegant, high quality. Leather with a fully unique character.

It is fully impregnated with dye, but otherwise largely natural. The individual skin pores are still very clearly visible as hair-thin holes.

If you rub your fingernail along the surface, it will leave a "trace", but this polishes itself out again through daily use.

Since only flawless and scar-free hides can be used, which are rare, purely aniline-dyed leathers are much more expensive than pigmented leathers.

Its natural, untreated surface makes it very soft, warm and sensually pleasing.

The open skin pores allow a high level of breathability.The leather adapts to body temperature in no time.

Due to the untreated surface, pure aniline is unfortunately very sensitive and prone to stains and signs of wear. It develops an individual character over time, this "patina" adds to the charm of aniline leathers


As is so often the case in life, there are also two sides of the coin with smooth leather:> The finest, the most natural pure aniline leather is unfortunately also the most sensitive. Which is also a question of taste. Because leather connoisseurs in particular, who sing the praises of these valuable natural leathers, are happy to accept that the naturalness leaves its mark on these leathers. They do not find the patina which forms on aniline leathers over time as disturbing, but as an expression of the individual character of the leather.


SUEDE LEATHER, also called nubuck, velour or suede, is characterised by a soft, velvety surface. This effect is achieved by roughening the surface or underside of the split leather hide. The roughened, velvety surface of this type of leather rules out applying a layer of dye after barrel dyeing, because the fibres would stick together. Suede leather feels very supple and warm. It is recognisable by the so-called "writing effect", i.e. if you stroke the nubuck leather with your hand, you will see the "stroke direction" as the direction of the roughened fibres changes:

It is interesting to note that leathers with the designation "SUEDE LEATHER" are actually made from the hides of wild animals such as roe deer and red deer etc. Due to the natural behaviour of the animals in the wild, the hide surface is heavily scarred, which is why in most cases the underside of the hide (the flesh side) is used, roughed and made into a velour leather. Did you know that?


Other leather types:

Saddle leather: Belongs to the smooth leather types and denotes leather with a very smooth and slightly waxed surface. Saddle leather is characterised by a pleasant, warm and waxy feel.


Leather with a vintage effect: 

Smooth leather or polished leather, which is given an antique look by applying a wax layer or a so-called effect finish.

This makes the surface look lively and a little "old-fashioned".


Vegetable/plant-tanned leather: Leather tanned with various plant-based (vegetable) tannins (such as oak bark or fruits), which is then further processed to create the usual different types of leather, usually aniline leather.


Foil-coated leathers are leathers coated with a polyurethane film (hence colloquially often called PU leather) and have a shiny, antique surface. Often however, this leather is not declared as being split leather when it is sold.


Pull-up leather: Smooth or nubuck leathers that have been treated with an oil, grease or wax finish on the leather surface are referred to as pull-up leathers. In most cases, furniture shows pronounced signs of use/wear even in the showroom; this "patina" is, however, typical and intended. Warning, likelihood of confusion: pull-up leather and plastic-coated leather (colloquially, PU leather).

The designation PU leather is a designation which is not allowed due to competition law for imitation leather or PU-coated split leather.


Are you still unsure which type of leather is used on your upholstered furniture? You can find this out with absolute certainty by looking for the manufacturer's precise designation. We have listed all of the most popular leather types used by upholstered furniture manufacturers in our database. Click on your manufacturer in the FURNITURE MANUFACTURERS field above and determine the precise leather designation. You will then be shown the appropriate cleaning and care products specially tailored to this type of leather.

More tips for determining the type of leather you have with certainty:

Tip No. 1: Have a look on the invoice for your upholstered furniture – you will usually find information from the manufacturer here.

Tip No. 2: Call your furniture store, stating your purchase contract number - they can normally find out with certainty the exact leather material used.

If neither of these approaches are successful, we will gladly help you and find out together exactly what type of leather you have over the telephone: +49 7251 / 9625-0!


 

KERALUX® Leather Care Set A

Is perfect for the maintenance cleaning and care for natural aniline leather. Do not use on pigmented leather, nubuck or suede leather.

15,90 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 6005/100ML
KERALUX® Leather Care Set P

Perfect for the regular maintenance cleaning and care of semi-aniline and pigmented leather.

Contents: 2 x 200 ml, sponge, cloth

26,90 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3000
KERALUX® Leather Care Set A

Perfect for the regular maintenance cleaning and care of natural aniline leathers.

contents: 2 x 200 ml, sponge, cloth

29,70 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3005
KERALUX® Leather Care Set S

Perfect for the regular cleaning and care of saddle leather (waxed leather).

contents: 2 x 200 ml, sponge, cloth

26,70 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3065
KERALUX® Leather Care Set V for leather with vintage-effect

Perfect for the regular maintenance cleaning and care of leathers with vintage-effect.

contents: 2 x 200 ml, sponge, cloth

27,30 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3096
KERALUX® Leather Care Set O

High-quality Care Set for special olive leaf tanned leathers.

contents: 2 x 100 ml, sponge, cloth

23,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3084
CORALUX® Leather Care Set for car leathers

This high quality care set is perfect for the care of pigmented leathers/artificial leathers in cars.

content: 2 x 200 ml, sponge, 2 cloths

23,50 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3150
Cleaning Glove

The Cleaning Glove is suitable to remove dust regularly from your leather, textile and artificial leather upholstery.

9,70 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 0111
KERALUX® Cleaning      Cloth N for Nubuck and Suede Leather

KERALUX® Cleaning Cloth N for nubuck and suede leather can avoid sticky and greasy material condition, takes off dust, refreshes the colour of the leather and removes light stains and rings.

16,70 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3092
KERALUX® Soft Cleaner

Perfect for the mild cleaning of all leathers. Removes fresh water-based stains.

11,71 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3017
KERALUX® Cleaner V

Perfect for the mild cleaning of leather with vintage-effect. Removes fresh water-based stains.

11,71 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3024
Hygiene Cleaner for leather/artificial leather

For antibacterial, germ-reducing and virus-inhibiting cleaning. It ensures hygienic cleanliness and supports the protection from contagion of diseases.

12,30 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 0215
KERALUX® Cleaner for vegetable tanned leather

Specially for the gentle cleaning of vegetable tanned leathers.

16,20 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3022
KERALUX® Cleaning Set Active Plus P

KERALUX® Cleaning Set Active Plus is perfectly suited for the intensive cleaning of pigmented leather
furniture. Oily and greasy stains such as colour transfer, e. g. from jeans, are particularly easy to remove with
this product.

22,10 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3020
KERALUX® Cleaner Active Plus P

Is perfectly suited for the intensive cleaning of pigmented leather furniture. Oily and greasy stains such as colour transfer, e. g. from jeans, are particularly easy to remove with this product.

17,30 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3019
KERALUX Jeans Cleaning Set

Especially for the thorough removal of stubborn jeans stains on leather. Suitable for pigmented smooth leather.

34,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3030
KERALUX® Degreaser Spray

Suitable for removing oily and greasy stains from all types of leathers (even pure
aniline, nubuck or suede leather). Do not use on imitation or artificial leather.

content: 200 ml

17,30 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3060
KERALUX® Magic Ink Roller I Plus

Roll-on Pen Remover for fresh stains (not older than three days) from pens, ink and lipstick for use on slightly pigmented and pigmented smooth leather. Do not use on pure aniline, nubuck/suede or on imitation leather and synthetic leather.

13,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3050
KERALUX® Ballpoint Pen Remover II

Stain remover for older pen, lipstick and ink stains for use on smooth leather (pure aniline, semi-aniline, pigmented leather). Do not use on nubuck/suede leather, artificial and synthetic leather.

content: 50 ml, 1 cloth

19,70 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3051
KERALUX® Ballpoint Pen Remover N

Stain remover for older pen, lipstick and ink stains for use on nubuck & suede leather.

content: 45 ml, 1 cloth, small KERALUX® Cleaning Cloth

20,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3052
KERALUX Fur Detergent

Suitable for all washable furs (sheepskin, german heathskin).

17,60 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3053
KERALUX® Care Lotion A

Care and protection for natural aniline leather. It spends the leather useful moisture, nutrition and impregnation. The additional sun protection helps to prevent early fading. Perfect care after cleaning of aniline leather.

content: 250 ml

24,90 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3025
KERALUX® Care Lotion S

After cleaning, the KERALUX® Care Lotion S refattens and moisturizes the leather to maintain its special waxy grip.

content: 250 ml

21,50 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3066
KERALUX® Care Lotion N

Ideal for the care of nubuck and suede leather. Spends moisture, refatting and provides a pleasant grip.

Content: 200 ml

21,10 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3094
KERALUX® Care Lotion V for leather with vintage-effect

Care and maintenance of the soft grip of all types of leather with vintage-effect.

content: 200 ml

21,10 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3095
KERALUX® Care Lotion for vegetable tanned leather

The KERALUX® Care Lotion for vegetable tanned leather spends vegetable tanned leather essential moisture and gentle refatting.

content: 250 ml

24,20 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3088
KERALUX® Leather Balm

Intensive care for smooth leathers (do not use on nubuck or suede leather). KERALUX® Leather Balm refattens dried out leather and makes it wonderfully smooth again.

content: 250 ml

19,70 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3015
CORALUX Leather Care Set for steering wheels

Ideal for intensive cleaning & care of steering wheels made of genuine and artificial leather. Hygienic cleanliness and protective care in one set!

Contents: 50 ml Cleaner, 50 ml Care Lotion, brush, cloth

17,40 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3165
CORALUX® Cleaner Active Plus

Cleans car leather seats thoroughly, removes greasy and oily stains and colour abrasion from clothing (jeans).

Content: 250 ml

14,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3151
KERALUX® Leather Fat

Softness, protection & gloss for older, worn leathers

Content: 100 g

16,70 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 360
CORALUX® Care Lotion

Perfect care and protection for pigmented car leather. It gives the leather after cleaning valuable moisture, gentle refatting and protection.

Content: 250 ml

19,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3152
CORALUX 3 in 1 Combi-Set for car interieur

Cleaning · Care · Protection of leather/artificial leather combinations for cars in one set:

Contents: 200 ml Cleaner, 200 ml Care Lotion, 100 ml Strong Protector, brush, sponge, 2 cloths

 

26,50 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3160
KERALUX® Strong Protector P

The premium KERALUX® Strong Protector contains a special component to give an effective and long-lasting protection for light coloured pigmented leather against early soiling, e. g. colour transfer from dark jeans.

Contents: 200 ml, 2 cloths

22,30 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3100
CORALUX® Strong Protector

The premium CORALUX® Strong Protector contains a special component to give an effective and long-lasting protection for light coloured pigmented car leather against early soiling, e. g. colour transfer from dark jeans.

Contents: 250 ml, 1 cloth

23,50 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3155
KERALUX® Protection Spray N

KERALUX® Protection Spray N protects against water, grease, dirt and refreshes the colour.

Use on nubuck, suede and leather with vintage-effect.

23,00 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3091
KERALUX® Protection Spray N with sun protection

KERALUX® Protection Spray N protects against water, grease, dirt, early fading and refreshes the colour.

Use on nubuck, suede and leather with vintage-effect.

26,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3090
KERALUX Imprägnierspray N mit Lichtschutz
13,40 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3090/1
KERALUX® Leather Balm 'sound damping'

The KERALUX® Leather Balm acts towards disturbing squeaking and creaking noises of leather.

18,80 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3016
KERALUX® Colour Repair Set P standard

The KERALUX® Colour Repair Set P is suitable for small scratches and slightly faded aniline leather. The KERALUX® Colour Lotion P is according to our colour card.

contents: 2 x 250 ml, sponge, cloth, glove

33,20 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3040/P
please select
KERALUX® Colour Repair Set P

The KERALUX® Colour Repair Set P is suitable for small scratches and slightly faded pigmented leather. We mix the colour according to your leather sample.

contents: 2 x 250 ml, sponge, cloth, glove

42,00 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3040/MP
KERALUX® Colour Repair Set A standard

The KERALUX® Colour Repair Set A is suitable for small scratches and slightly faded aniline leather. The KERALUX® Colour Lotion A is according to our colour card.

contents: 2 x 250 ml, sponge, cloth, glove

33,20 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3038/A
please select
KERALUX® Colour Repair Set A

The KERALUX® Colour Repair Set A is suitable for small scratches and slightly faded aniline leather. We mix the colour according to your leather sample.

contents: 2 x 250 ml, sponge, cloth, glove

42,00 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3038/MA
KERALUX® Colour Repair Set for leather with vintage effect standard

The KERALUX® Colour Repair Set is suitable for small scratches and slightly faded leather with vintage-effect. The KERALUX® Colour Lotion is according to our colour card.

contents: 2 x 250 ml, sponge, cloth, glove

37,10 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3036/N
please select
KERALUX® Colour Repair Set V for leather with vintage-effect

The KERALUX® Colour Repair Set V is suitable for small scratches and slightly faded leather with vintage-effect. We mix the colour according to your leather sample.

contents: 2 x 250 ml, sponge, cloth, glove

47,79 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3036/M
KERALUX® Colour Repair Set N

The KERALUX® Colour Repair Set N is suitable for small scratches and slightly faded nubuck & suede leather. We mix the colour according to your leather sample.

93,00 €
incl. VAT, plus shipping
Item number: 3093